A year later, Spielberg returned to the science fiction genre with E. It was the story of a young boy and the alien he befriends, who was accidentally left behind by his companions and is attempting to return home. Teaming up once again with Lucas and Ford, the film was plagued with uncertainty for the material and script. This film and the Spielberg-produced Gremlins led to the creation of the PG rating due to the high level of violence in films targeted at younger audiences.
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Nonetheless, the film was still a huge blockbuster hit in It was on this project that Spielberg also met his future wife, actress Kate Capshaw. In , Spielberg released The Color Purple , an adaptation of Alice Walker 's Pulitzer Prize -winning novel of the same name , about a generation of empowered African-American women during depression-era America.
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Starring Whoopi Goldberg and future talk-show superstar Oprah Winfrey , the film was a box office smash and critics hailed Spielberg's successful foray into the dramatic genre. Roger Ebert proclaimed it the best film of the year and later entered it into his Great Films archive. The film received eleven Academy Award nominations, including two for Goldberg and Winfrey. However, Spielberg did not get a Best Director nomination. In , as China began opening to Western capital investment, Spielberg shot the first American film in Shanghai since the s, an adaptation of J.
The film garnered much praise from critics and was nominated for several Oscars, but did not yield substantial box office revenues. Reviewer Andrew Sarris called it the best film of the year and later included it among the best films of the decade. After two forays into more serious dramatic films, Spielberg then directed the third Indiana Jones film, 's Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.
Once again teaming up with Lucas and Ford, Spielberg also cast actor Sean Connery in a supporting role as Indy's father. The film earned generally positive reviews and was another box office success, becoming the highest-grossing film worldwide that year; its total box office receipts even topped those of Tim Burton's much-anticipated film Batman , which had been the bigger hit domestically. Also in , he re-united with actor Richard Dreyfuss for the romantic comedy-drama Always , about a daredevil pilot who extinguishes forest fires. Spielberg's first romantic film, Always was only a moderate success and had mixed reviews.
In , Spielberg returned to the adventure genre with the film version of Michael Crichton 's novel Jurassic Park , about a theme park with genetically engineered dinosaurs. This would be the third time that one of Spielberg's films became the highest-grossing film ever.
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Spielberg's next film, Schindler's List , was based on the true story of Oskar Schindler , a man who risked his life to save 1, Jews from the Holocaust. With the film a huge success at the box office, Spielberg used the profits to set up the Shoah Foundation , a non-profit organization that archives filmed testimony of Holocaust survivors.
In , the American Film Institute listed it among the 10 Greatest American Films ever Made 9 which moved up to 8 when the list was remade in In , Spielberg took a hiatus from directing to spend more time with his family and build his new studio, DreamWorks ,  with partners Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen. His next film, Amistad , was based on a true story like Schindler's List , specifically about an African slave rebellion.
Despite decent reviews from critics, it did not do well at the box office. Miller Tom Hanks sent to bring home a paratrooper whose three older brothers were killed in the same twenty-four hours, June 5—6, of the Normandy landing. Spielberg won his second Academy Award for his direction.
The film's graphic, realistic depiction of combat violence influenced later war films such as Black Hawk Down and Enemy at the Gates. The film was also the first major hit for DreamWorks, which co-produced the film with Paramount Pictures as such, it was Spielberg's first release from the latter that was not part of the Indiana Jones series. The series won a number of awards at the Golden Globes and the Emmys. In , Spielberg filmed fellow director and friend Stanley Kubrick 's final project, A. Artificial Intelligence which Kubrick was unable to begin during his lifetime.
A futuristic film about a humanoid android longing for love, A. Spielberg and actor Tom Cruise collaborated for the first time for the futuristic neo-noir Minority Report , based upon the science fiction short story written by Philip K. Dick about a Washington D. Roger Ebert , who named it the best film of , praised its breathtaking vision of the future as well as for the way Spielberg blended CGI with live-action. The film is known for John Williams 's score and its unique title sequence. It was a hit both commercially  and critically. Spielberg collaborated again with Tom Hanks along with Catherine Zeta-Jones and Stanley Tucci in 's The Terminal , a warm-hearted comedy about a man of Eastern European descent who is stranded in an airport.
It received mixed reviews but performed relatively well at the box office. In , Empire magazine ranked Spielberg number one on a list of the greatest film directors of all time. Also in , Spielberg directed a modern adaptation of War of the Worlds a co-production of Paramount and DreamWorks , based on the H.
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Wells book of the same name Spielberg had been a huge fan of the book and the original film. Unlike E. Spielberg's film Munich , about the events following the Munich Massacre of Israeli athletes at the Olympic Games, was his second film essaying Jewish relations in the world the first being Schindler's List. The film is based on Vengeance , a book by Canadian journalist George Jonas. It was previously adapted into the made-for-TV film Sword of Gideon. The film received strong critical praise, but underperformed at the U.
In June , Steven Spielberg announced he would direct a scientifically accurate film about "a group of explorers who travel through a worm hole and into another dimension",  from a treatment by Kip Thorne and producer Lynda Obst. The screenwriter suggested the addition of a "time element" to the treatment's basic idea, which was welcomed by Obst and Thorne.
Spielberg directed Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull , which wrapped filming in October and was released on May 22, The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn , was not released until October , due to the complexity of the computer animation involved. The world premiere took place on October 22, in Brussels , Belgium. Spielberg followed with War Horse , shot in England in the summer of The film, based on the novel of the same name written by Michael Morpurgo and published in , follows the long friendship between a British boy and his horse Joey before and during World War I — the novel was also adapted into a hit play in London which is still running there, as well as on Broadway.
Distributed by Walt Disney Studios , with whom DreamWorks made a distribution deal in , War Horse was the first of four consecutive Spielberg films released by Disney. War Horse received generally positive reviews from critics,  and was nominated for six Academy Awards , including Best Picture. Written by Tony Kushner , the film was shot in Richmond, Virginia, in late ,  and was released in the United States in November It was announced on May 2, , that Spielberg would direct the film about the story of U. Donovan 's negotiations with the Soviets for the release of pilot Gary Powers after his aircraft was shot down over Soviet territory.
DreamWorks bought the rights in , originally intending John Madden to direct. It was co-produced and released by Walt Disney Pictures , marking the first Disney-branded film to be directed by Spielberg. Spielberg directed the film adaptation of the popular sci-fi novel Ready Player One , by Ernest Cline.
Spielberg is directing West Side Story , a new film adaptation of the classic musical. During an interview with The Tech in , Spielberg described how he chooses the film projects he would work on:. That's pretty much the litmus test that gets me to say, 'Yeah, I'll direct that one. Spielberg plans to film a fifth installment in the Indiana Jones series. It is being written by David Koepp , who has written numerous other films for Spielberg, including the last Indiana Jones film.
Spielberg had planned to film his long-planned adaptation of David Kertzer 's The Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara in early for release at the end of that year,  but production has been postponed. The book follows the true story of a young Jewish boy in Italy who was secretly baptized by a family servant and then kidnapped from his family by the Papal States, where he was raised and trained as a priest, causing international outrage and becoming a media sensation.
It was first announced in , with Kushner adapting the book for the screen. Oscar Isaac was set to star as Mortara's father, but eventually dropped out. Jennifer Lawrence is attached to star in the lead role. In April , it was announced that Spielberg would be directing a film adaptation of the Blackhawk comic book series. Warner Bros.
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Pictures is distributing the film, with David Koepp writing the script. In , Spielberg reportedly tried to obtain the screen rights to make a film based on Microsoft 's Halo series. Spielberg will be involved not only as producer but also as a director. Since the mids, Spielberg has increased his role as a film producer.
He headed up the production team for several cartoons, including the Warner Bros. Due to his work on these series, in the official titles, most of them say, "Steven Spielberg presents" as well as making numerous cameos on the shows. He was furthermore, for a short time, the executive producer of the long-running medical drama ER.
In , he brought the concept of The Dig to LucasArts.
He contributed to the project from that time until when the game was released. He also collaborated with software publishers Knowledge Adventure on the multimedia game Steven Spielberg's Director's Chair , which was released in Spielberg appears, as himself, in the game to direct the player. The Spielberg name provided branding for a Lego Moviemaker kit, the proceeds of which went to the Starbright Foundation.
In , Spielberg acted as executive producer for the highly anticipated television series seaQuest DSV ; a science fiction series set "in the near future" starring Roy Scheider who Spielberg had directed in Jaws and Jonathan Brandis that aired on NBC. While the first season was moderately successful, the second season did less well. Spielberg's name no longer appeared in the third season and the show was cancelled midway through it. In , he served as a producer of Memoirs of a Geisha , an adaptation of the novel by Arthur Golden , a film to which he was previously attached as director.
He earned his twelfth Academy Award nomination for the latter film as it was nominated for Best Picture. Spielberg served as executive producer for Disturbia and the Transformers live action film with Brian Goldner , an employee of Hasbro. In , he produced the J. Abrams science fiction thriller film Super 8 for Paramount Pictures. He was an executive producer on the critically acclaimed TV miniseries Into the West which won two Emmy awards, including one for Geoff Zanelli 's score.